(3) HISTORY OF WESTERN LITURGIES 600-1500 A.D. Historical and cultural background: Gregory the Great, Frankish, Ottonian periods, High Middle Ages, Late Middle Ages. Historical development of the liturgy. Sources. Daily prayer, Liturgical cycles, Sacraments. (Also listed as Religious Studies 312.)
(3) HISTORY OF LITURGY A.D. 313-600. Pagan mysteries and Christian worship; impact of secular culture and state religion; barbarian invasions; Arianism; Byzantine court influences; basilica; art; dioceses; Oriental and Latin rites; catechumenate and penitential practice; Easter and Christmas observances; the calendar. (Also listed as Religious Studies 306.)
(3) HISTORY OF LITURGY TO A.D. 313. Pagan, Jewish and Christian worship forms; the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day; Gnostic and pagan polemics; the Eucharist and initiation rites during the first three centuries. (Also listed as Religious Studies 305.)
(2) WESTERN THOUGHT: A.D. 300-1450. Survey of Western philosophic and religious thought from 4th to 15th century. (Also listed as Philosophy 303.)
(2) GREEK AND ROMAN THOUGHT. Survey of Greek and Roman philosophic and religious thought; Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Stoics, Epicureans, Neoplatonists. (Also listed as Philosophy 302.)
(3) HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT. Greek and Roman political theory; the mediaeval concept of law; English and French contributions to the evolution of political institutions; modern constitutional governments; internationalism. (Also listed as Social Sciences 301.)
(3) HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY. Analysis and historical survey of the relationship of philosophy and science in Greek, mediaeval and modern thought. (Also listed as Philosophy 300.)
(3) NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURY EUROPE.
(3) EUROPE FROM THE FOURTEENTH TO THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. Renaissance to French Revolution.
(3) ORIGINS OF WESTERN CIVILISATION II. From the fall of Rome to the Renaissance; Byzantium and Islam; rise of western European civilisation; South and East Asia in the Middle Ages.
(3) ORIGINS OF WESTERN CIVILISATION I. Survey of ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Indian, Chinese, classical Greek and Roman civilisations.
(3) HISTORY OF EASTERN LITURGIES 600-1500 A.D. Background: Emperors and councils. Development of the liturgy: East Syrian, West Syrian, Maronite, Alexandrian (Coptic and Ethiopian), Armenian, Byzantine. (Also listed as Religious Studies 313.)
(3) TUDOR ENGLAND. From the Wars of the Roses to 1600; the English Reformation.
(3) STUART ENGLAND. From James I to William and Mary; the Civil War; parliamentary and constitutional government.
(3) EARLY MODERN THOUGHT. Survey of 16-17th century philosophic and humanistic thought with selected readings from Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz. (Also listed as Philosophy 406.)
(3) MODERN THOUGHT. Survey of 18-20th century philosophic and humanistic thought with emphasis on Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant. (Also listed as Philosophy 407.)
(3) EARLY MONASTIC HISTORY. Survey of Western Monasticism from the 4th to the 14th century.
(3) POST-MEDIAEVAL MONASTICISM. Survey of Western Monasticism from the fifteenth century to the present.
(3-6) Graduating Essay.
(2) THE ROMAN EMPIRE. Political and social institutions of Imperial Rome from the first to the fifth centuries; Judaism; Hellenism; development of Christianity into a state religion; councils and heresies.
(2) IDEAS AND INSTITUTIONS OF THE MIDDLE AGES. Institutional history of Europe from the fall of the Roman Empire until the Renaissance; the barbarian invasions; Monasticism; Islam; Feudalism.
(2) THE REFORMATION. Intellectual, social and political aspects of the religious conflict; Lutheranism; Calvinism; Anglicanism; the Counter-Reformation.
(2) PROGRESS AND REACTION. The impact of science, industry, and democracy on European culture since the 17th century.
(2) PATROLOGY I. II-IV century Church Fathers.
(2) PATROLOGY II. IV-V century Church Fathers.
(2) RELIGIO-ETHNIC HISTORY OF CANADA. Colonial period; later French, Scottish, Irish, Ukrainian traditions; multiculturalism; the churches today; Amerindian cultures.