(3) ELEMENTS OF CHRISTIAN THOUGHT I. Gospels and the historical Christ; the primitive Christian community. Readings in Christian authors.
(3) ELEMENTS OF CHRISTIAN THOUGHT II. Theological formulation and systematisation. Readings in Christian authors.
(3) HISTORY OF LITURGY TO A.D. 313. Pagan, Jewish and Christian worship forms; the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day; Gnostic and pagan polemics; the Eucharist and initiation rites during the first three centuries. (Also listed as History 305.)
(3) HISTORY OF LITURGY A.D. 313-600. Pagan mysteries and Christian worship; impact of secular culture and state religion; barbarian invasions; Arianism; Byzantine court influences; basilica; art; dioceses; Oriental and Latin rites; catechumenate and penitential practice; Easter and Christmas observances; the calendar. (Also listed as History 306.)
(3) HISTORY OF WESTERN LITURGIES 600-1500 A.D. Historical and cultural background: Gregory the Great, Frankish, Ottonian periods, High Middle Ages, Late Middle Ages. Historical development of the liturgy. Sources. Daily prayer, Liturgical cycles, Sacraments. (Also listed as History 312.)
(3) HISTORY OF EASTERN LITURGIES 600-1500 A.D. Background: Emperors and councils. Development of the liturgy: East Syrian, West Syrian, Maronite, Alexandrian (Coptic and Ethiopian), Armenian, Byzantine. (Also listed as History 313.)
(3) THE EUCHARIST IN NON-ROMAN LITURGIES SINCE 1500. Study of individual texts and their historical relationships: the traditional anaphoras, Eastern and Western; Eucharistic prayers of the Lutheran, Anglican, and Reformed traditions from the 16th to the 20th century.
(3) LITURGICAL MOVEMENTS AND THE ROMAN LITURGY SINCE 1500. Historical study of the efforts to reform the Roman Rite: the legacy of the Council of Trent; liturgical movements of the Enlightenment, Romantic and modern eras; the reforms of Vatican II.
(3-6) Graduating Essay.